Fundamental Human Rights Documents
There are fundamental documents, mainly produced by the UN, in order to create international standards regarding human rights and health.
The Istanbul Protocol is a manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights promotes international standards of human rights.
Physicians have responsibilities, both according to national standards and international standards, regarding health and human rights. Physicians for Human Rights created a Health Professional’s Guide to Medical and Psychological Evaluations of Torture. There are also ethical guidelines written by the UN OHCHR about the role of health personnel against torture. A universal declaration has also been written to protect all persons from being subject to torture in addition to the convention against torture.
Medical Professionals’ Ethical Responsibility?
Do medical professionals have an ethical responsibility to care for asylum seekers? Read this article from The Lancet, the world’s leading general medical journal, about the ethical responsibility to care for asylum seekers’ basic right to health care.
The Torture Reporting Handbook
This handbook, produced by the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex, is a guide for documenting and responding to allegations of torture within an international law and medical framework. This publication is a guideline for medical professionals, lawyers, human rights advocates, or anyone else involved.